A simple Dependency Injection Container for Delphi

As wikipedia says:

“Dependency injection (DI) in computer programming refers to the process of supplying an external dependency to a [software component]. It is a specific form of inversion of control where the concern being inverted is the process of obtaining the needed dependency. The term was first coined by Martin Fowler to describe the mechanism more clearly.^^”

Many of us have already read this historical article from Martin Fowler about dependency injection pattern, but actually there isn’t a real framework for implement dependency injection in Delphi.

There are already the following implementation for DI in Delphi

So, I decided to write my own simple DI framework.

You can find the code at google code project here: http://code.google.com/p/delphidicontainer/

This is the first public version and come with sample, documentation and unit tests.

Folow some sample code.

program Test01;
{$APPTYPE CONSOLE}

uses
  SysUtils,
  DIContainer in '....srcDIContainer.pas',
  ServiceTestObjectsU in '....UnitTestServiceTestObjectsU.pas';

var
  DIContainer: TDIContainer;
  s1: TService1;
  s2: TService2;
  s3: TService3;
  s6: TService6;
  s7: TService7;
begin
  try
    DIContainer := TDIContainer.Create;
    try
      // AddComponent with TClass with and   InitType = Singleton
      DIContainer.AddComponent(TService1, TDIContainerInitType.Singleton);
      // AddComponent with QualifiedName and InitType = Singleton
      DIContainer.AddComponent('ServiceTestObjectsU.TService2',
        TDIContainerInitType.Singleton);
      // AddComponent with QualifiedName and InitType = CreateNewInstance
      DIContainer.AddComponent('ServiceTestObjectsU.TService3',
        TDIContainerInitType.CreateNewInstance);

      // GetComponent with QualifiedName
      s1 := DIContainer.GetComponent('ServiceTestObjectsU.TService1')
        as TService1;
      s1.Message := 'I''m the first message';
      WriteLn(s1.Message);

      // GetComponent with TClass
      s2 := DIContainer.GetComponent(TService2) as TService2;
      s2.Message := 'I''m the second message';
      WriteLn(s2.Message);

      // GetComponent with a dependent service (TService3 depends upon TService1 and TService2)
      s3 := DIContainer.GetComponent('ServiceTestObjectsU.TService3')
        as TService3;
      WriteLn(s3.GetCompoundMessage);
      // s3 is not created as Singleton, so after use it I must free it
      s3.Free;

      // AddComponent with QualifiedClassName, a custom initializer, an alias.
      // Component will be created as singleton (single instance managed by Container)

      DIContainer.AddComponent(DIContainerUtils.GetQualifiedClassName
          (TService6),
          function: TObject
          begin
            Result := TService6.Create(DIContainer.Get(TService1) as TService1,DIContainer.Get(TService1) as TService1);
          end,
          'srv6',
        TDIContainerInitType.Singleton);

      s6 := DIContainer.Get('srv6') as TService6;
      WriteLn(s6.ToString);
      s6 := DIContainer.Get('srv6') as TService6;
      WriteLn(s6.ToString);

      // AddComponent with QualifiedClassName, a custom initializer, an alias.
      // Component will be created as singleton (single instance managed by Container)
      DIContainer.AddComponent(DIContainerUtils.GetQualifiedClassName
          (TService7),
            function: TObject
            begin
              Result := TService7.Create(DIContainer.Get(TService1) as TService1,DIContainer.Get(TService1) as TService1);
            end,
            'srv7intf',
          TDIContainerInitType.Singleton);

      s7 := DIContainer.Get('srv7intf') as TService7;
      WriteLn(s7.ToString);
    finally
      DIContainer.Free;
    end;
  except
    on E: Exception do
      WriteLn(E.ClassName, E.Message);
  end;
  readln;
end.

DelphiDIContainer also handle constructor injection with automatic dependency resolution for service.

Enjoy and stay tuned.

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